The charter airline model began in the 1950s, and was designed to provide an air service tailored to the needs of tourists. The goal was to make air travel more accessible and affordable by using intermediaries, such as tour operators or travel agencies, to charter all or part of an aircraft to tourist destinations during periods of high demand. These intermediaries would then combine the flight with other services, such as accommodation in holiday resorts, and sell them as all-inclusive packages to tourists.
Charter airlines generally offered a simplified service with a single class of seating and limited onboard amenities in order to keep costs low and maximise passenger capacity. The arrival of low-cost airlines and changes in consumer demand reduced the appeal of charter airlines, resulting in bankruptcies or major reorganisations. Some charter airlines have adapted by moving to a hybrid model, which combines scheduled flights with sales through travel agencies.